What Fruits and Vegetables Can You Give Your Dog

Dog Food

A dog’s essential diet does not include fruits and vegetables, but plant foods should be present. This will have the most positive effect on the health of the dog. Plant foods are rich in valuable substances, vitamins, and trace elements that are beneficial to the development of the puppy and the well-being of the adult. But not all of them are equally good for dogs: some can harm the health of a four-legged friend.

Why do dogs need fruit and vegetables?

The primary diet of a four-legged pet includes about 5% vegetable products, 70-80% meat and dairy products, and the rest – various cereals.

First of all, fruits and vegetables are suppliers of fiber, which is not digested by the dog’s body but has a beneficial effect on the gastrointestinal tract. At an early age, fruit and vegetable dishes will add vitamins and help form a complete gut environment. At a mature age, plant-based foods will rid the pet of excess cholesterol, replenish essential micronutrients, and improve stools.

How to Give Proper Plant-Based Foods

Since the fruit and vegetable portion of a dog’s regular diet is about 5%, it can be considered a supplement to main meals. The canine body does not have an enzyme involved in breaking down vegetable fiber, so it is not digested and passes through in transit. 

Therefore, if it is carried away, it can cause harm to the animal’s body. It is enough to offer the pet vegetables and fruits once in a while, no more than 1-2 times a week. Choose the ones that he particularly likes: it will be a treat. 

Most vegetables can be served fresh, unprocessed, without fear of upsetting the digestive system. The main thing is to observe moderation. Raw vegetables are even preferable. The exception is foods rich in beta-carotene (carrots, pumpkin, turnips). They should be lightly stewed and served with vegetable oil. 

There is no need to mince fruit and vegetable food with a blender, arguing that fiber is poorly absorbed: you can cut it into small pieces. Valuable dietary fiber is destroyed after blender processing. Plus, chewing is suitable for your dog’s oral health: it’s excellent preventative tartar.

Roughly grate fruits and vegetables for your puppy, lightly poached or baked for older dogs. Canned fruit should not be given. 

Beneficial fruits and vegetables for dogs

The list of healthy and dangerous plant foods is advisory. However, it is essential to consider your dog’s preferences and individual tolerance to specific foods. 

What Fruits and Vegetables Can You Give Your Dog

If he likes fruits and vegetables that are traditionally banned, but they do not cause adverse reactions, introduce them to the diet. The main thing is to observe the condition of your four-legged friend. 

A list of 15 fruits and vegetables you can feed your friend:

  1. Apple
  2. Bananas
  3. Blueberries
  4. Brussel sprouts
  5. Broccoli – moderation and stalks
  6. Cantaloupe
  7. Celery
  8. Cucumbers
  9. Carrots
  10. Green Beans
  11. Peas
  12. Pumpkin
  13. Sweet Potato
  14. Watermelon
  15. Strawberries

Banana 

Like all fruits, the banana is more of a treat than a necessary component of a healthy diet. It strengthens the gastrointestinal tract, has an enveloping effect, and restores mucous membranes. In small amounts, it helps to cope with constipation, while it can provoke constipation in excessive amounts. 

Do not offer banana to a diabetic animal, as it contains a lot of digestible sugars. The recommended weekly allowance is no more than ½ banana. 

Melon 

Like the banana, it normalizes the gastrointestinal tract and has an anti-inflammatory effect. However, it is oversaturated with sugars and causes allergic reactions in some animals. 

Apples 

This is not only a treat but also a valuable food product. It regulates the function of the gastrointestinal tract, cleanses blood vessels, heals the oral cavity, and prevents plaque formation. 

It is not allowed to eat the apple core. Seeds and stalks contain cyanide, which can cause intoxication, so remove the entire body before offering the fruit to your pet. 

Pumpkin 

Very valuable in its nutritional value for both humans and animals. It restores inflamed mucous membranes, heals the liver, gets rid of constipation, reduces excessive acidity of the stomach. However, it contains beta-carotene, so it is recommended to be boiled or baked with butter. 

Pumpkin has a fibrous structure, so dogs often do not like it. To get your furry friend used to pumpkin, try chopping it into small pieces. 

Carrots

Very useful and suitable for nutrition at any age. It contains various vitamins (groups A, B, C, E, P) and trace elements (P, K, Mg, I, Fe, Cu, Zn). Beneficial effect on vision, coat, has anti-tumor properties. 

In addition to its positive qualities, it has properties that require special attention. Carrots are rich in sugars, so they are not recommended for animals with endocrine problems. In addition, it has a lot of beta-carotene, so there is a risk of allergic reactions. 

Bell peppers

Some dogs adore it, and some ignore it. Red peppers are healthier than green peppers because they have more mineral salts. 

You can get your dog used to bell peppers gradually: first, add mashed peppers to the leading food, and when he gets used to them, offer them in small pieces. After that, they can be eaten raw, boiled, or baked. 

Cabbage 

Of the different types of cabbage, you can safely add to the dog Peking, Brussels, cauliflower diet. Offer white cabbage, first making sure that its tolerance is standard, as it increases the acidity of the gastric juice. 

In addition, white cabbage often provokes flatulence and colic. Start by offering your pet a small boiled leaf of cabbage. If no adverse reactions, introduce it to the diet. 

Broccoli is not usually advised for pet food, as it contains isocyanate, which is dangerous to them. 

Zucchini 

A very bland food – for humans and dogs alike. It contains many substances necessary for the body, particularly folic acid, vitamins (A, C), trace elements (Ca, K, etc.). Zucchini perfectly regulate the bowel, purify it, gets rid of constipation. In high volumes cause looseness of the intestines. 

They can be given fresh or heat-treated. Veterinarians often recommend zucchini for diets for older dogs and puppies. 

Cucumbers 

This is probably one of the pets’ favorite vegetables. They love the taste of cucumber and its juiciness. Besides their mild flavor, cucumbers have other invaluable properties: they have a positive effect on the intestines, contain vitamins (C, K, B) and trace elements (K, Mg, Cu), have a diuretic effect, and help heal joints. True, if eaten inordinately, it provokes, as well as zucchini, diarrhea. 

Celery 

Root vegetables should not be fed, and greens – only are in small portions. They have medicinal properties and can be added to the main diet. For dogs with arthritis, celery stalks are used as a healing supplement.

Dangerous fruits and vegetables for dogs

The list of healthy and dangerous plant foods is advisory. It is essential to consider your dog’s preferences and individual tolerance to specific foods. If he likes forbidden fruits, and the body perfectly digests them, do not deprive your furry friend of joy. 

Of fruits, it is not recommended to give all citrus fruits, pomegranate, grapes, peach, avocado. 

In this AnimalWised video we bring you a complete list of prohibited fruits and vegetables for dogs.

6 Harmful fruits and vegetables for dogs

  1. Avocado
  2. Citrus fruits
  3. Onion, garlic
  4. Grapes
  5. Potato
  6. Seeds of apple, peach, plum

Tomatoes 

Tomato stems contain the poison solanine and can cause poisoning, while fruits are perfectly harmless, but the main thing is to follow the measure. Otherwise, you can provoke diarrhea and even a heart disorder. Moreover, as a result of intoxication, the dog becomes lethargic; his gait is disturbed, a tremor may appear. 

Potatoes 

Raw potatoes, like tomato greens, contain the alkaloid solanine, a highly toxic compound. Therefore, raw potatoes are very dangerous. Boiled or baked root vegetables are also not helpful because they are saturated with starch. The excessive amount of starch in the body leads to joint diseases. 

Asparagus and Legumes

Like other legumes, raw asparagus causes increased gas and intestinal colic. Similarly, cooked asparagus is utterly useless because it loses most of its essential nutrients. 

Beets 

It can cause a severe allergic reaction in your dog and cause intestinal upset. Therefore, it should only be given to dogs with red coats in tiny doses. 

Onions and garlic 

Onions and garlic, beneficial for humans, are strictly prohibited for our four-legged friends, as they contain thiosulfates and phytoncides. The former causes anemia and the latter can poison the animal.

The article is a recommendation. Consult your veterinarian!

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